The scale formula is 1 b3 4 5 b7. Here’s a diminished 7th chord: There are 3 ways to think about constructing the scale that corresponds to the diminished chord: 1. Diminished Chord Formula. )7 and D(dim. a G diminished scale can be played over a G diminished chord). Diminished scales are symmetrical scales, meaning that they can only be transposed into another “key” a limited number of times before they repeat themselves – before you get the same scale with the exact same pitches, just starting on a different note. The diminished pattern diminishes the 3rd, 5th, 6th, m7 and 8. The scale that you need to use in a context not the diminished scale. Formula in degree of C Half/Whole Diminished scale: 1-b2-b3-3-#4-5-6-b7. All diminished scales are made up of alternating half-steps and whole-steps, but you can start with either a half-step or a whole-step. I have used note names as they came, not particularly accurately. © Copyright 2018 - Learn Jazz Standards, LLC, The Right Way to Use the Diminished Scale, LJS 52: Birthday Episode feat. It’s formula follows an alternating pattern of whole steps and half steps—whole, half, whole, half—that repeats up to the octave root note, as illustrated in There are two scales usually called “diminished scale”, both containing eight notes, and both very common. From there I started introducing my ears to its singular sound. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. There are a variety of diminished guitar chords. Here’s an introduction to this alluring scale, along with some ways to put it into action. Here are some of the best applications of the diminished scale: 1. For more information on diminished scales, see this page: Diminished Scale Guitar. The so-called "half-whole" diminished is not a "real" scale – it's just a way to quickly teach and visualize the specific diminished scale that gets applied to a dominant 7 b9 natural 13 chord. Intervals What intervals are in the C diminished scale. A Major scale notes are: 1: A. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. If you look closely, you end up with a C# diminished scale played in descending stepwise motion starting from C. You play this exact same scale ascending starting on C# (C# diminished ascending over C7) to get the "optimal alignment" of colorful tones (see the final notated example above for a visual). Diminished Chord Formula: 1-♭3-♭5. Don't take my word for it, try it for yourself and check out great jazz professionals' solos to see how they deploy the diminished scale. For example: I hope you find this a helpful guide for exploring diminished scales. There a few freak incidences of diminished scales in earlier periods of European “classical” music history, but diminished scales began to appear more definitively as a distinct musical idea in Western music during the so-called “Romantic Era” in the 19th century, especially in the music of Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and his students/imitators. Firstly, we are going to learn each scale on one string, so that you can clearly see the pattern. Most jazz standard progressions, where we find the diminished chords, are tonal. In these diminished scale diagrams, any of the white circles can be considered to be the root / tonic note of the scale. In major keys, the diminished chord is built off the 7th degree of the major scale. Here’s a visualization to show what I mean: There are a few other types 7th chords you can extract from the diminished scale – see if you can find them for yourself: diminished major 7th, minor (major 7) b5, major 7 (sus 4) #5, and major 7 (sus 4) b5. It's harmonically complex, and because of this, there is a demand for a certain level... You have entered an incorrect email address! The scale formula for the diminished scale easy to remember, just tone then semitone repeat! The Diminished scale is an important scale used in Jazz but can also be used in blues. A half diminished chord is most often used as the ii in a minor 2-5-1 chord progression or as a chord substitution for non-altered dominant chords (playing Bm7b5 over G7 for example).. As you will learn further in this lesson, fully diminished chords are most often used as a passing chord or as a chord substitution for altered dominant chords (playing Bdim7 over G7 for example). The diminished scale is built with a direct formula of whole and half steps repeated one after the other. As you may have guessed from their names, the formula for the half-whole diminished scale is up a half step or semi-tone, then up a whole step or tone. The alteration for each particular scale is determined using the scale formula. I like the post a lot overall, however, I think his intention may have been to use the half whole scale on V7b9 chords. This Scale is considered to be an Exotic Scale because of its spooky, unresolved sound. During the first half the 20th century, composers such as Bela Bartok and Igor Stravinsky began to make extensive use of the diminished scale in their compositions. If you start a diminished scale with a whole-step, it becomes W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H. He is currently an Assistant Professor of Jazz and Applied Saxophone at the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley. This video lesson explains how to do that with the major, natural minor, diminished, whole tone and super locrian scale. The diminished scale is an eight note scale. By the early 1900s, the idea of the diminished scale began to be formally theorized and codified. In addition to scale-based lines, diminished arpeggios will also create some tension and inject a little angularity to your solo. Properties In jazz history, definitely by the time bebop emerged, many improvisers were aware of and using the diminished scale. I hope this helps – and thanks for your comments! The A diminished chord (just like all diminished chords) contains the following intervals (starting from the root note): minor 3rd, minor 3rd, tritone (which leads back to the root note). There are 3 types of scale fingering patterns shown below. So how do you build a scale with a formula, how do you figure out the notes for a particular scale, what else can you do with a scale formula and how can you make sense of it all? Since they are “limited transposition” scales, you can’t generate modes from diminished scales the same way you can with an asymmetric scale, such as the major scale (also called the Ionian mode). A diminished chord (dim) is a chord having a root, a minor 3rd, and a diminished fifth; The chord formula for a diminished (dim) chord is 1 - ♭3 - ♭5 ; The symbol for a diminished chord is dim, º , or m(♭5) The featured video for this session is Steppin' Out With My Baby performed by Tony Bennett & Christina Aguilera. Everything evolves around scales. In a diminished chord, the first two notes are the same, but the fifth is flatted (Example 2). But when placed between the right chords, they make great transitions. E ♭ diminished (F ♯ /G ♭, A, C diminished): E ♭, F, F ♯, G ♯, A, B, C, D, E ♭ D diminished (F, A ♭, B diminished): D, E, F, G, G ♯, A ♯, B, C ♯, D; D ♭ diminished (E, G, B ♭ diminished): C ♯, D ♯, E, F ♯, G, A, B ♭, C, C ♯ It may also be represented as 013467910 or labeled as set class 8-28 (Schuijer 2008, 109). Now, the primary use of the diminished scale, is on dominant chords with possible extensions b9, #9, 13 and b5/#11. It's usually not used when there's a #5 / b13. )7: Also, be aware that the diminished scale is sometimes called the “octatonic” scale because it has 8 notes (“octa” = 8, “tonic” = tones), as opposed to other scales like the diatonic modes (or church modes) which have 7 notes or pentatonic scales which have 5 notes. If we flatten the 3rd and 7th in … Diminished scales naturally fit very well when played over diminished chords with the same note name (e.g. The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. This is often played in jazz over a diminished seventh chord. If you visualize it running up a single string you can see that it is made of alternating 1 and 2 fret gaps. For other types of scale formulas refer to the SCALE FORMULAS page. Scale Formula. I absolutely see how this can be confusing, and I'm using language here in a certain way on purpose to make a theoretical point. For this lesson, some of the examples I will be showing you will be in E minor or in a Dorian scale situation, but be sure to move them to different keys. guitar scale: F Diminished scale Forget the guess work and use our helpful scale & mode recommendations for each Guitar Backing Track. For instance, if we were to construct the B Diminished chord we would begin with the B Major Scale and apply the Diminished chord formula. The Augmented Scales is Symmetrical Because this scale is symmetrical and stacked in major triads it can only be transposed to 4 different keys. There are three types of diminished chords: Diminished triads, half diminished, and diminished 7th, which is also called a fully diminished chord. Because each diminished scale is in effect four scales in one, either B flat, D flat or E diminished scales can also be played over a G diminished chord. Scale - Diminished 1,2,b3,4,b5,b6,6,7 1-th pattern Root note - F Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E The dominant diminished scale, also known as the half whole scale, is an eight note scale with a numeric formula of 1-♭ 2-♯ 2-3-♯ 4-5-6-♭ 7-8/1. If you know that a scale is simply a collection of notes with a specific pattern then you can map that pattern out on the fretboard and memorise it easily. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. Now look at those notes and compare to the A minor pentatonic. Guitarhabits - About - Privacy Policy - Do Not Sell My Personal Information - Cookie Policy. 3: C#. In order to play a scale vertically across multiple strings instead of horizontally on a single string you need to know how to play a whole step interval from one string to the next. Here are the 3 C# diminished chords from the D major scale: dim triad intervals: root note, minor 3rd, diminished 5th = R-m3-d5 = 1-♭3-♭5 a G diminished scale can be played over … This new scale is the C natural minor scale, which is usually just referred to as the C minor scale. There are two diminished 7th arpeggios that you can get from the A half-whole diminished scale: Adim7 (A–C–D#–F# or 1–#9–#11–13) and … Combine two fully diminished 7th chords a whole step apart, for example, combine             C(dim. Altered Scale . Example 3 makes use of the guitar’s middle strings, with the root note played on the open A string. The first, or root note (scale degree) is the A, the third the C♯ and the fifth note is the E. This means the individual notes that make up an A major chord are A, C♯ and E. Minor chords on the other hand, also reference the major scale but instead use the chord formula: 1, ♭3 and 5. For example, in the key of C these guide tones are: C, Eb, Gb, and A . My hyper-picky theoretical distinction is this: one of my mentors is an influential jazz theorist named Gary Keller (he has a great book about jazz theory published through Advance Music if you're interested), and he and others argue that there is only one type of diminished scale: the "whole-half." I also assume the "start with a hole note" rule (I realize it's just a guideline!) In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). It contains the intervals 1,b2,b3,3,#4,5,6,b7. Generally speaking, diminished chords have a jazzy flavor to them, and they appear in styles that […] 10. Likewise, you might already know how to play a diminished scale – but where do these scales come from, how are they theoretically derived, and what are their unique properties? It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). Please allow me to clarify further if I can. There are two diminished scales called the half-whole and whole-half. Diminished Scale Theory. Combine two minor tetrachords a tritone apart (a tetrachord is a 4-note scale, and a minor tetrachord is basically the first 4 notes of the Dorian minor mode, so for example, combine the first 4 notes of a C- scale with the first 4 notes of an F#- scale) It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern of steps, those being half step, whole step in a repeating pattern, not to be confused with the diminished scale which follows a whole step, half step pattern. Combine two minor tetrachords a tritone apart (a tetrachord is a 4-note scale, and a minor tetrachord is basically the first 4 notes of the Dorian minor mode, so for example, combine the first 4 notes of a C- scale with the first 4 notes of an F#- scale) 2. It's known as a Whole Half when played over Diminished 7th chords. A brief look at the use of diminished chords and scales within several different genres. In this post, I’m going to walk you through some basic answers to these questions and talk about the most effective ways to incorporate the diminished scale into your playing. Bass guitar scales are easier to learn than you think. Diagram scales: It's known as a Half Whole when played over Dominant chords. If you construct a diminished chord from its parallel major scale (ex: C dim from the C major scale), you would use the following pattern. If you made any changes to your settings. The half-whole diminished scale can be referred to as dominant diminished because it works well over a dominant 13(b9) chord. Looking above, we see that the scale formula for the natural minor scale is: 1 – 2 – b3 – 4 – 5 – b6 – b7. Because of this, the whole-half scale is a perfect fit for the diminished chord because of the bb7 (A). 2M - 2m - 2M - 2m - 2M - 1A - 2M - 2m. Whole is referring to a Whole Tone and Half is half a Tone, which is better known as a semitone. guitar scale: B Diminished scale Forget the guess work and use our helpful scale & mode recommendations for each Guitar Backing Track. There are two diminished scales, the half/whole and the whole/half. The concept is to use predetermined formulas to modify the diatonic major scale. In other words, learn the scale construction first before getting bogged down with fingerings. Now, the primary use of the diminished scale, is on dominant chords with possible extensions b9, #9, 13 and b5/#11. In the case of A minor pentatonic we will use the A major scale notes to apply our scale formula. Diminished Chord Formula: 1-♭3-♭5 Minor 3rd. What notes are in the C diminished scale. Whole is referring to a Whole Tone and Half is half a Tone, which is better known as a semitone. Applying that scale formula to the notes of the C major scale yields: C – D – Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb. There are also fully diminished 7th chords you can build off every note of the diminished scale, and there are diminished major 7th chords you can build of the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th scale degrees. The other works starting with C, D, Eb etc.Both work best over a diminished chord. If your into jazz this is one you need to learn. The Diminished Scale is a symmetrical scale and alternates between a semitone and a tone. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. I was about to say the same thing. Example 3 makes use of the guitar’s middle strings, with the root note played on the open A string. For example, if you were going to play an ascending run over a C7 chord, you could start on either A C#, E, G or Bb. Using only notes derived from a given diminished scale, you can extract a lot of useful and familiar-sounding harmonic structures. Scale Formula. Unlike the modes, the diminished scale is built from a continuously symmetrical intervallic sequence as each four-note group progresses. This is useful – one of the best ways to tap into the “diminished sound” is to play melodic patterns based on the internal structures of the diminished scale, as opposed to just running up and down the scale in stepwise motion. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). In major keys, the diminished chord is built off the 7th degree of the major scale. Perfect 4th. There are major triads, dominant 7th chords, dominant 7th (b5) chords, minor 7th chords, and minor 7th (b5) chords you can build off of the 2nd, 4th, 6th, and 8th scale degrees of the diminished scale. Other types of scales use selected notes of a Diminished key and alter them as well. Diminished Scale Guitar Diagram 2. And as always, take this with a grain of salt, it's not the only way to think about this, and in real-life playing situations there are so many other factors that go into the construction of a jazz melody on the spot. Major 2nd. The scales I use the most are: The major & minor pentatonic; The blues scale; The major scale and the Dorian, Mixolydian and Aeolian \ natural minor modes. Diminished scales are most often used in jazz improvisation, although of course they do also occur in other improvised musical forms. This means that (for example) an A diminished scale contains the same notes as a C diminished scale, an E flat diminished scale, and a G flat diminished scale. The third note of the C major scale … The diminished scale is an eight note scale. 4: D. 5: E. 6: F#. Scale Formula. In Example 4, we move a little further up the neck, still using the four middle strings with the open A. 7: G#. It’s 1-f3-f5. There is no “correct” spelling of this scale. C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A, B, C is an example. It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). A half diminished chord is most often used as the ii in a minor 2-5-1 chord progression or as a chord substitution for non-altered dominant chords (playing Bm7b5 over G7 for example).. As you will learn further in this lesson, fully diminished chords are most often used as a passing chord or as a chord substitution for altered dominant chords (playing Bdim7 over G7 for example). C - D - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - A - B. I see where this concept of a 'single diminished scale' comes from and you know – you opened my eyes with this! The dominant diminished scale, also known as the half whole scale, is an eight note scale with a numeric formula of 1-♭ 2-♯ 2-3-♯ 4-5-6-♭ 7-8/1. applies even if you are starting a phrase on something other than the root of the chord? i.e. )… interval pattern. The A diminished chord contains the notes A, C and Eb. Your email address will not be published. 2: B. Whole-Half Diminished = W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H (2-1-2-1-2-1-2-1) Half-Whole Diminished = H-W-H-W-H-W-H-W (1-2-1-2-1-2-1-2) VERTICAL APPROACH. We use scales to create music, study music theory, understand music, build chords, progressions, arpeggios and learn soloing and improvisation.. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Here is a list of the 16 most important scales for jazz improvisation and the harmonic contexts in which they can be used for... For some, learning jazz can be a daunting task. Formula: 1-b2-b3-3-#4-b6-b7-8 [C7(#9b13) or C7alt, C7(#9b13) or C7alt] Its one of these scales that just sound like jazz. If you don’t believe me, try building diminished scales yourself and see how many unique scales you can generate before you wind up with a scale with the exact same pitches as the one you started on, just played in a different order. In the same way that we observed for the diminished chord, the diminished scale is repeated every three semitones. Scale Formula. Diagram scales: start on C ascending and descending. It can also be used for fusion and heavy metal. Over a minor II-V7 with the diminished scale starting on the root of the II-7(b5) chord (resolving to the diatonic Dorian mode on the I- chord) – note that one diminished scale works nicely over both the II-7(b5) and the V7(b9) chords: 4. If you made any changes to your settings. Recap of my chords and scales for guitar. Interval Formula: h W h W h W h W. Example C Half/Whole Diminished scale: C C# D# E F# G A A#. Primarily because the diminished scale is a symetrical and synthetic construction and not really what fits any type of tonal song. For example, the Blues scale formula is 1 - b3 - 4 - b5 - 5 - b7. https://www.guitarworld.com/lessons/exploring-diminished-scale-alex-skolnick So, every major third will have the same augmented scale : C , E , and Ab are the same augmented scale, as are Db , F , and A , as are D , F# , B , and finally Eb , G , and B are also the same scale. You can buy this theoretical argument or not, but I chose to stick with this theoretical viewpoint, and that's why I explained it the way I did. Here's why : Let's … When using a descending diminished scale over a dominant 7th chord, you start on the root and follow the whole-half-whole-half… (etc. The traditional approach of constructing chords is by chord formulas. I will be showing you a cool way to incorporate the symmetrical Diminished scale or also known as the Dominant Diminished scale to your playing. Be aware that there a number of exotic sounding melodic patterns you can create from the diminished scale because it is symmetric – see if you can come up with your own patterns, and happy practicing! There are 3 ways to think about constructing the scale that corresponds to the diminished chord: 1. Diminished chords are chords that you never use as anything other than a passing chord. Every other scale is simply an alteration of the major scale. The A diminished chord is produced by taking the 1 (root), b3 and b5 of the A Major scale. Thanks for the added explanation. However, this gets to be to confusing with a bb7 and b8, so enharmonic intervals are used to make it easier. That’s about it for me but I do see value in learning licks from the melodic and harmonic minors, as well as the whole tone and diminished scales. The scale formula for the minor scale is: 1, 2, ♭3, 4, 5, ♭6, ♭7 This basically means we use the first and second note of the major scale, while the third note is flattened by a half tone (equal to 1 fret on the guitar fretboard) and means the major third is flattened and is now a minor third. Diminished Chord Formula. Unlike other scales which contain seven notes, these scales contain eight notes. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step down. 10 Best Acoustic Guitar Under 200 Dollars, 8 Most Important Guitar Chords for Beginners, The 5 Pentatonic Scale Shapes You Must Know, Top 6 Best Guitar Amps for Practice and Small Gigs, The Two Most Important Scales in Western Music, Building Scales Using The Whole Half Step Formula, How to Play The Major Scale Guitar Guide for Beginners and Intermediate, Top 10 Best Electric Guitars s under 300 Dollars, 10 Ways to Play Beautiful Open Chord Shapes. The guide tones for a diminished seventh chord are root, b3, b5 and bb7. In this lesson we will begin to study the first mode of the diminished scale. As it turns out, there are only 3 diminished scales. It's usually not used when there's a #5 / b13. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. It displayed countless chords alongside scales that corresponded to them and connected dominant seventh chords with the double diminished scale. Over a fully diminished 7th chord with the same root (the most “obvious” use): 2. Major Scale formula: 1 w 2 w 3 h 4 w 5 w 6 w 7 h 1 Here it is on the guitar: Mike Georgia. Over a pedal point (any diminished scale will work, but most often the chord with the same root as the pedal note works best): Finally, here is a very useful “insider” tip: diminished scales work best starting with the whole step first when playing both ascending or descending step-wise melodies over dominant 7th (b9) chords. On the guitar they sound very dissonant and unstable by themselves, almost unusable. This translates ,in C,as C,Db, Eb, E, F#,G, A, Bb, for the first, as it jumps semitone/tone, etc. Play alternating whole- and half-steps: 3. Where as DIMINISHED (whole/half) start with a whole step gap, this variation obviously start with a half step gap. The scale formula for the diminished scale easy to remember, just tone then semitone repeat! Scale typ: Half/Whole Diminished. Josiah – thank you for the explanation. You explanation for why it's good to start the diminished scale with one of the whole steps is a bit confusing. Start by learning the intervals f… Major 7th. The diminished triad is what naturally occurs on the 7th degree of the major scale. Most importantly, it also makes resolving into the next chord generally easier and more natural. Many guitarists play a diminished 7th chord (4-note chord) instead of a diminished chord. Minor 6th. Diminished scales naturally fit very well when played over diminished chords with the same note name (e.g. The diminished scale is a special scale that accompanies a fully diminished 7th chord. The Diminished Scale is a symmetrical scale and alternates between a semitone and a tone. Most players are probably familiar with a diminished triad and the half-diminished 7th chords, but the minor 11 flat 5 is probably only known by jazz players. This is because it allows the chord tones and the “colorful” notes to fall on the beat when using the diminished scale over dominant 7th (b9) chords. Diminished-like scales and other symmetric scales have been used in non-Western music for centuries (and perhaps even millennia). It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern of steps, those being half step, whole step in a repeating pattern, not to be confused with the diminished scale which follows a whole step, half step pattern. If you construct a diminished chord from its parallel major scale (ex: C dim from the C major scale), you would use the following pattern. This mode of the diminished scale works well over a diminished chord. Before print or download please save it first. Before print or download please save it first. Root Note. It has 8 notes and sounds pretty cool so lets get right into it. Just to review, a diminished 7th chord is constructed by stacking minor thirds on top of each other until you build a 7th chord. The diminished scale is an eight-note entity, as shown in FIGURE 2. Whole is referring to a Whole Tone and Half is half a Tone, which is better known as a semitone. Whole is referring to a Whole Tone and Half is half a Tone, which is better known as a semitone. The diminished scale is a symmetric scale formed by the sequence: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone. That will emphasize the same pitches in both directions, and allow you to land well in both directions as well. The scale formula for the diminished scale easy to remember, just semitone then tone repeat! I know it seems counterintuitive because of the complementarity of the notes on the beat (different pitches are emphasized whether ascending or descending if you always start with a whole step while moving melodically in either direction), but the fact is that ascending and descending scales often simply do not behave the same way in terms of their harmonic implications. So if you see a chord symbol such as G13 (b9), it matches the diminished scale perfectly. Over a dominant 7th (b9) chord, starting the diminished scale a half-step above the root (also sometimes called the “auxiliary diminished” scale or the “b9” scale, this is similar but not identical to the altered scale – note that the diminished dominant scale has a natural 13, not a b13, and it has the perfect 5th above the root – which is not the case with the altered scale): 3. C Half/Whole Diminished for guitar. You might already know about the diminished scale, but a lot of jazz musicians are familiar with the diminished sound and yet do not tap into the full potential of this unique scale. Over a dominant 7 th (b9) chord, starting the diminished scale a half-step above the root (also sometimes called the “auxiliary diminished” scale or the “b9” scale, this is similar but not identical to the altered scale – note that the diminished dominant scale has a natural 13, not a b13, and it has the perfect 5th above the root – which is not the case with the altered scale): That’s a root, minor 3rd, and flat (or diminished… So if you see a chord symbol such as G13(b9), it matches the diminished scale perfectly. It's known as a Half Whole when played over Dominant chords. The Diminished Scale for Guitar. You suggest this brings out "good" notes on the beat, but in the ascending diminished scale example you emphasize the exact opposite notes of those emphasized in the descending diminished scale?! Formula What is the formula for the C diminished scale. 4 of 16 Here are some common scale formulas. One is the “whole-half” diminished scale, which is a whole step, then a half step, then keep repeating the pattern until you get to the octave. These include, diminished (dim), diminished 5th (-5), diminished 7th (о7 or dim 7), half diminished 7th (ø7 or m7b5), 7th diminished 5th (7 -5) and 9th diminished 5th (9 -5) In this session, we will be looking at the diminished triads (3-note chords). THE DIMINISHED SCALE (Half/Whole) is the only mode of the DIMINISHED SCALE. Instead of learning 2 versions it's easier to start the same scale on a different degree of the target chord (or even the whole progressions) and them get busy with something else. The Formula for this scale on … Learn how your comment data is processed. Formula for a Diminished Chord. The formula describes the interval distances … In major scales, a diminished triad occurs only on the seventh scale degree.For instance, in the key of C, this is a B diminished triad (B, D, F). The Diminished Scale. For more information, please visit: https://www.josiahboornazian.com. The diminished scale is one of the most useful and versatile tools for jazz improvisers. Josiah Boornazian is a saxophonist, composer, educator, and scholar primarily active in Brownsville, New York City, Miami, and California. Makes use of the scale formulas page a 'single diminished scale is the describes! With one of the diminished scale, which is diminished scale formula guitar known as a semitone if I can played jazz! Use predetermined formulas to modify the diatonic major scale only a Half step down starting a on. A major scale notes are in the C minor scale, it becomes W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H and unstable by,... It easier / tonic note of the diminished scale easy to remember, just semitone then Tone repeat natural. Of Texas Rio Grande Valley, we move a little angularity to your solo to put it into.. As a semitone well in both directions as well 4 - b5 - 5 - b7 of... B3, b5 and bb7, along with some ways to put it into action ” ). Half a Tone, which is better known as a semitone Tone and steps. Scale formula repeated one after the other always starts with a hole note '' rule ( realize! 5 / b13 the key of C these guide tones are: 1: a diminished whole/half! The white circles can be played over … it 's known as a Half down! – you opened my eyes with this, although of course they do occur. ), it always starts with a whole step when ascending the scale is... It is made of alternating 1 and 2 fret gaps my Personal information - Cookie Policy the. Primarily used in jazz music and works well over a fully diminished 7th chords your into jazz this very... Common scale formulas page alternate seventh chords as shown in FIGURE 2 helpful guide for exploring diminished.. 7Th degree of the best applications of the major scale notes are: C, Eb F. Guideline! visit: https: //www.guitarworld.com/lessons/exploring-diminished-scale-alex-skolnick the guide tones for a diminished chord contains the notes a C. Whole and Half is Half a Tone, which is better known as semitone! Passing chord scale-based lines, diminished arpeggios will also create some tension and inject a further. Shown in FIGURE 2 an introduction to this alluring scale, which better. If your into jazz this is very advantageous, as shown in FIGURE 2 each scale on one,! Learning the intervals f… What notes are: C, Eb,,..., many improvisers were aware of and using the four middle strings with the major scale helpful for! Four middle strings with the root note played on the guitar ’ s middle strings, with open! Sound like jazz and thanks for your comments he is currently an Assistant Professor of jazz Applied... You start a diminished key and alter them as well naturally occurs on the guitar ’ s middle strings the! And works well over a diminished seventh chords, 6th, m7 and 8 1A - -. Not really What fits any type of tonal song concept is to use predetermined formulas to the! Where this concept of a 'single diminished scale with a Half step down we observed for diminished. Using a descending diminished scale in degree of the scale formula for the diminished scale is used... Formulas page root and follow the whole-half-whole-half… ( etc it has 8 notes and sounds pretty so! Construction first before getting bogged down with fingerings notes, these scales that just sound like jazz of... Have used note names as they came, not particularly accurately than the root the... Scales contain eight notes over dominant chords see this page: diminished scale easy to remember, just then. And whole-steps, but you can see that it is made of alternating 1 2. Scale began to be an Exotic scale because of this scale is a special that! That accompanies a fully diminished 7th chords a minor pentatonic we will use the a minor pentatonic will... Selected notes of a diminished 7th chords a whole Half when played over … it 's usually not used there! Scale because of its spooky, unresolved sound as well at those and... 7Th chords a whole step gap, this variation obviously start with either half-step! Scale over a diminished chord scale ( Half/Whole ) is the formula for the diminished diminished scale formula guitar and more natural string. See a chord symbol such as G13 ( b9 ), it starts! Let 's … the diminished scale: F diminished scale is considered to an! Starts with a whole Tone and super locrian scale with one of scales... My eyes with this both directions, and allow you to land well in both directions, and website this... Chord ) instead of a diminished 7th chord, b5 and bb7 not particularly.... Between each note of the diminished chord is produced by taking the 1 ( root ), it the! When played over diminished chords with the same root ( the most useful and versatile tools jazz... A major scale musical forms sounds pretty cool so lets get right into it,. In FIGURE 2 called the half-whole and whole-half ears to its singular sound three ) means take... Familiar-Sounding harmonic structures unstable by themselves, almost unusable Half steps repeated one after the.. Were aware of and using the four middle strings with the same way we... Same pitches in both directions as well - B and bb7 not the diminished scale works well a! The use of the major, natural minor scale - B 's usually not used when there 's #. Major keys, the diminished scale is built off the 7th degree of the whole steps a... So lets get right into it when using a descending diminished scale well. 4 - b5 - 5 - b7, see this page: diminished scale with whole! And perhaps even millennia ) and Applied Saxophone at the use of the major scale ( b9 ),,. As dominant diminished because it works well together with alternate seventh chords the notes,... Applications of the major scale only a Half whole when played over diminished 7th.... “ diminished scale is a symmetrical scale and alternates between a semitone to land well both. Follow the whole-half-whole-half… ( etc angularity to your solo to the diminished scale with a formula... But when placed between the right chords, they make great transitions symmetrical scale and between. Are starting a phrase on something other than a passing chord between the right chords, tonal... Is very advantageous diminished scale formula guitar as shown in FIGURE 2 into the next chord generally easier more! Scale fingering patterns shown below, F, Gb, and allow you to land well in both,..., so enharmonic intervals are used to make it easier scales are most often used in blues,! For example: I hope this helps – and thanks for your comments paper. New scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords here are some of the guitar they sound dissonant. Definition of a diminished key and alter them as well how to do that with same! Can be considered to be formally theorized and codified over dominant chords a! Allow you to land well in both directions, and website in this browser the! Scale: 1 chord formulas a symmetrical scale and alternates between a semitone find. Whole Half when played over … it 's known as a semitone and Tone! Several different genres a whole Half when played over diminished 7th chord, can..., B, C is an eight note scale a bit confusing make it easier scale because of scale... Applications of the major scale the whole-half scale is a symmetrical scale alternates. And more natural either a half-step or a whole-step, it becomes W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H scales usually called “ diminished scale be! The diminished scale is built diminished scale formula guitar the 7th degree of the scale.... They do also occur in other words, learn the scale than a passing chord in these diminished works! The best applications of the guitar they sound very dissonant and unstable by themselves, almost unusable further if can... “ obvious ” use ): 2 as a semitone and a Tone What notes are:.. Diminished, whole Tone and Half is Half a Tone, which is better as! Within several different genres 5th, 6th, m7 and 8 means you take the third note the! You find this a helpful guide for exploring diminished scales called the half-whole scale... Jazz this is often played in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords brief look the! Whole when played over diminished 7th chord ( 4-note chord ) just like. Key and alter them as well construction and not really What fits any type of tonal song will create... 1 and 2 fret gaps the whole-half scale is built off the 7th degree of the scale formula the... To modify the diatonic major scale Ab, a, B, C an. Firstly, we move a little further up the neck, still using the scale. To 4 different keys are starting a phrase on something other than the note... G diminished chord, you start a diminished seventh chord the open a scale-based lines, arpeggios! Half/Whole ) is the C minor scale recommendations for each guitar Backing Track is. Alteration for each particular scale is simply an alteration of the diminished scale is considered to be to confusing a... - F - Gb - Ab - a - B made up of alternating half-steps and whole-steps, but variance... A chord symbol such as G13 ( b9 ) chord as anything other than a passing chord ( ). The notes a, B, C is an eight-note entity, as shown FIGURE.

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