The Sons of Liberty. They had informal gatherings at local taverns such as the Green Dragon Tavern in Boston. The Sons of Liberty was a secret political organization in the American Colonies that protested against British taxes and laws before the American Revolution. The Sons marked one of their early victories in December 1765. Instrumental in preventing the enforcement of the Stamp Act, they remained an active pre-Revolutionary force against the crown. The Sons of Liberty: “No Taxation Without Representation” The Sons of Liberty were perhaps the most radical group of American patriots during the pre-Revolutionary period, but the true Sons of Liberty had a relatively short lifespan. The Sons of Liberty was a patriot group that could be very violent and wild. Their most famous act of disobedience was destroying 92,000 pounds of British tea in Boston Harbor in December 1773. As that group grew, it came to be known as the Sons of Liberty. This was called the Stamp Act of 1765. His role was primarily as a writer, and he was responsible for writing articles and publishing handbills which helped to … The group informed Oliver that he was to show up the next day at noon at the Liberty Tree in the city’s South End to publicly resign. They were formed in response to the Stamp Act of 1765 and disbanded when the Act was repealed. By the time the revolution began, there were chapters of the Sons of Liberty in all thirteen colonies. “But over time, more and more Sons of Liberty became convinced that independence was the answer.”. By 1774, the Sons of Liberty were among the early groups in the American colonies to arrive at the idea of fighting for independence from Great Britain. The message left to Oliver’s imagination what terrible fate might befall him if he didn’t comply. It all began when the British Empire rose as one of the most feared powers in the world. The goal of the radicals was to push moderate colonial leaders into a confrontation with the Crown. The Boston chapter of the Sons of Liberty often met under cover of darkness beneath the “Liberty Tree,” a stately elm tree in Hanover Square. Its But when the merchants (consignees) were unwilling, the ship captains were unwilling—it would have ruined them—and the governor was unwilling to bend the rules for them, they felt they had no choice.”. The Sons of Liberty. The creation of the group has been historically attributed to Samual Adams. They were formed in response to the Stamp Act of 1765 and disbanded when the Act was repealed. Adams wrote his masters thesis at Harvard on the lawfulness of resisting British rule. Sons of Liberty, organization formed in the American colonies in the summer of 1765 to oppose the Stamp Act. The Sons of Liberty was an organization formed in the years before the American Revolution. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Sons of Liberty, organization formed in the American colonies in the summer of 1765 to oppose the Stamp Act. The Sons’ defiance of the British not only helped spur the Revolutionary War, it also fostered an American tradition of grassroots activism that various activist groups have applied over the centuries to push for change. For example, Boston’s stamp distributor Andrew Oliver was burned in effigy before his office was burned to the ground. Led by Adams, the Sons of Liberty held meetings rallying against British Parliament and protested the Griffin's Wharf arrival of … These “cells” of Sons began to spring up independently of one another following the imposition of the Stamp Act by the British in 1765. However, the group included Benjamin Edes, who was a printer and John Gil who ran the Boston Gazette, thus assuring they were able to spread their message. If that didn’t work, the proprietor faced the risk of being kidnapped and tarred and feathered, a painful, humiliating torture that could leave lasting scars. And grow it did! Campaigning for "Liberty and no Stamp-Act," local groups within each colony scheme to prevent the Act from taking effect on 1 November 1765. The Sons of Liberty: “No Taxation Without Representation” The Sons of Liberty were perhaps the most radical group of American patriots during the pre-Revolutionary period, but the true Sons of Liberty had a relatively short lifespan. However, the name was applied to other local separatist groups during the years preceding the American Revolution. 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