Brassica juncea Name Synonyms Brassica besseriana Andrz. Brassica juncea is a natural amphidiploid (AABB genome, 2n=36) hybrid of Brassica rapa (AA genome, 2n=20) and Brassica nigra (BB genome, 2n=16). Brassica cernua (Thunb.) Brassica juncea is as edible, yellow-flowering plant grown as either an annual, biennial, or perennial depending upon the variety and the zone. B. juncea has two well-defined gene pools—Indian and east European. Mustard Greens (Brassica juncea variety rugosa) also known as Indian Mustard, Chinese Mustard and Leaf Mustard is a type of mustard plant with edible leaves, stem and seeds. Indian mustard. Brassica cernua (Thunb.) This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It is native to Central Asia and Russia, and cultivated widely. Hybrids between the two gene pools are heterotic for yield. ex Trautv. The different types of mustard vary in physical appearance (see how to distinguish mustard from canola) and use. It is a major oilseed crop and medicinal plant in South Asia and China. Source: James A. Duke. (2000) used linkage mapping to show that the B. juncea genome has remained largely unchanged since the hybridization event and contains the conserved genomes of both progenitor species. Brassica besseriana Andrz. Brassicaceae Mustard greens, Leaf mustard, Indian mustard, Rai, Brown mustard. This process uses organisms like plants to treat or extract harmful chemicals from hazardous waste sites. Mustard greens originated in the Himalayan region of India and have been consumed for more than 5,000 years. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. Brassica juncea integrifolia subintegrifolia. It is summer-flowering, grows in sun, prefers regular water, and can be grown from seed in Zones 2-11. Brassica juncea (AABB) is an allotetraploid species containing genomes of B. rapa (AA) and B. nigra (BB). Uses Food. The leaf mustards have quite large smooth-edged edible leaves. The plant appears in some form in African, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Italian, Indian, Japanese, Nepali, Pakistani, Korean, and African-American (soul food) cuisines. The plant is often cultivated, especially in the Orient, for its edible leaves and stem. Two species and three types of mustards are grown in Western Canada: Sinapis alba (yellow mustard) and Brassica juncea (brown and oriental mustards). Indian mustard, which has a high tolerance for heavy metals, is particularly adept at phytoremediation. Synonyms: Brassica integrifolia, Brassica japonica, Brassica juncea japonica, Sinapis juncea Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Brown Mustard: Although not usually used medicinally, the seed is a warming stimulant herb with antibiotic effects. Synonyms: Brassica juncea megarrhiza Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Root Mustard: Reported to be anodyne, aperitif, diuretic, emetic, rubefacient, and stimulant, the plant is a folk remedy for arthritis, foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism. The seed is used in the treatment of tumours in China. Brassica juncea japonica. Brassica cernua var. 1983. Mustard is a broadleaf, cruciferous, cool-seasoned annual oilseed crop produced primarily for the condiment market. Brassica juncea integrifolia strumata. Brassica juncea . F.B.Forbes & Hemsl. The leaves, seeds, and stems of this mustard variety are edible. Cultivars of B. juncea are grown for … A form of Brassica juncea that has been selected in the Orient for its edible swollen stem[206. Rather similar to Brassica juncea crispifolia and combined with that group by some botanists. Axelsson et al. Brassica juncea is an important plant for phytoremediation. 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